Episode 50: Symbiotic Relationships

Symbiotic relationship between water buffalo and bird in lake. Nature in Sri Lanka.

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As a scientist, obviously Danny knows plenty about the creatures from Klyntar and their partnerships with other species. Well, did we say scientist? I guess we meant nerd. Venom and Marvel’s other symbiotes do certainly portray a practice that has been fascinating scientists for centuries, though. Symbiosis and more importantly mutualism is the pinnacle of interspecies relationships, but what is it, what do we know about it and what other interspecies relationships exist. Join hosts Shanti and Danny as we discuss how some species can be so intricately tied together that separation could mean certain extinction for both.


Paracer, S. Ahmadjian, V.; Symbiosis: An Introduction to Biological Associations by Surindar Paracer. Oxford University Press. 01-Jan-1867. ISBN: 978-0-19-511806-3

Mougi, A.; The Role of Amensalistic and Commensalistic Interactions in Large Ecological Network Stability. Scientific Reports. 13-Jul-2016. 6:29929. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/srep29929

Yarlagagadda, T.; 10 Images of Unlikely Animal Relationships. Inverse. 11-Apr-2021. https://www.inverse.com/science/unlikely-animal-relationships-science/amp

Special RElationships: Keeping Pistol Shrimps and Gobies. Practical Fishkeeping. https://www.practicalfishkeeping.co.uk/features/special-relationships-keeping-pistol-shrimps-and-gobies/

Willmer, P., Stone, G.; How Aggressive Ant-Guards Assist Seed-Set in Acacia Flowers. Nature. 10-Jul-1997. 388 (165 – 167). Doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/40610

English Ivy. Invasive.org. https://www.invasive.org/alien/pubs/midatlantic/hehe.htm

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